Handbook of Veterinary Emergency Protocols: Dog and Cat
Maureen McMichael, DVM, Diplomate ACVECC


section 1 acute abdomen
Acute Abdomen Differential Diagnoses
Hemoabdomen
Splenic Torsion
Peritonitis

section 2 allergic reactions
Anaphalaxis – Canine
Anaphalaxis – Feline
Angioedema / Urticaria

section 3 cardiac emergencies
Atrial Fibrillation
Heart Block
Sick Sinus Syndrome
Supraventricular Tachycardia
Ventricular Tachycardia
Cardiopulmonary Cerebral Arrest
Feline Congestive Heart Failure
Feline Arteriothromboembolism
Canine Congestive Heart Failure – Mitral Valve Insufficiency
Canine Cardiomyopathy – Dilated Cardiomyopathy
Heartworm – Caval Syndrome (CS)
Pericardial Effusion

section 4 endocrine emergencies
Diabetic Ketoacidosis
Hyperosmolar Non-Ketotic Diabetes Mellitus
Hypoglycemia
Hypoadrenocorticism – Canine
Feline Hyperthyroidism
Canine Hypothyroidism
Hypocalcemia
Hypercalcemia

section 5 gastrointestinal emergencies
Constipation / Obstipation Esophageal Obstruction
Gastrointestinal Obstruction
Gastric Dilitation Volvulus
Hemorrhagic Gastroenteritis
Mesenteric Torsion
Pancreatitis – Feline
Pancreatitis – Canine

section 6 hematologic emergencies
Blood TransfusionsCoagulopathies – Inherited
Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation (DIC)
Immune Mediated Anemia (IMA)
Immune Mediated Thrombocytopenia (ITP)

section 7 hepatic emergencies
Hepatic Lipidosis
Acute Hepatic Failure
Hepatic Encephalopathy
Portosystemic Shunts
Extrahepatic Bile Duct Obstruction
Gall Bladder Mucocele
Feline Cholangitis-Cholagiohepatitis Syndrome

section 8 infectious disease
Canine Distemper Virus
Canine Influenza Virus
Canine Parvovirus
Feline Infectious Peritonitis
Feline Panleukopenia
Leptospirosis
Lyme Disease
Rabies Virus
Tetanus

section 9 neoplasia
Acute Tumor Lysis Syndrome (ATLS)
Extravasation Injury
Myelosuppression Post Chemotherapy

section 10 neurologic emergencies
Coma
Intervertebral Disc Displacement (IVDD)
Paraparesis / Paraplegia – Traumatic
Seizures – Canine
Seizures – Feline
Status Epilepticus Protocol
Vestibular

section 11 ophthalmologic emergencies
Hyphema
Glaucoma
Proptosed Globe
Anterior Uveitis
Corneal Ulcer

section 12 pediatric emergencies
Pediatric Examination and Assessment
Laboratory Values
Radiographs and Fluid Requirements
Catheterization and Pharmacology
Hypoglycemia
Hypovolemic Shock
Sepsis
Respiratory Distress of the Newborn

section 13 procedures
Abdominocentesis
Blood Crossmatching
Central Venous Catheter Placement
Catheter Care
Cerebrospinal Fluid Collection
Cytology
Fine Needle Aspiration
Impression Smears
Diagnostic Peritoneal Lavage
Epidural Anesthesia
Intraosseous Catheter Placement
Pericardiocentesis
Thoracocentesis
Thoracostomy Tube Placement
Tracheostomy Tube Placement
Venous Cut – Down Procedures
Mini Cut-down
Cut-down

section 14 pulmonary / respiratory
emergencies
Airway Obstruction
Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS)
Asthma
Drowning (Near)
Laryngeal Paralysis
Pleural Effusion
Pneumonia
Pneumothorax
Pulmonary Edema
Pulmonary Thromboembolism (PTE)
Smoke Inhalation

section 15 renal and urinary emergencies
Acute Renal Failure (ARF)
Urinary Obstruction – Feline
Urinary Obstruction – Canine

section 16 reproductive emergencies
Dystocia Mastitis
Prostatitis / Abscess
Pyometra
Paraphimosis
Prolapse – Rectal
Prolapse – Vaginal
Testicular / Uterine Torsion

section 17 shock / sepsisCardiogenic Shock
Hypovolemic / Hemorrhagic shock
Distributive Shock
Obstructive Shock
Septic Shock / SIRS
Shock/Sepsis

section 18 toxicology
Acetaminophen
Bread Dough Toxicity
Chocolate
Cycad (Sago) Palm
Drugs – Cocaine
Drugs – Selective Serotonin Re-Uptake Inhibitors
Ethylene Glycol
Lead
Macademia Nuts
Metaldehyde
Mushroom Toxicity
NSAIDs
Organophosphate and Carbamate
Paintball Toxicosis
Plants – Lily
Play Dough (Homemade) Toxicity
Pyrethrins
Raisin / Grape Toxicity
Rodenticides – Anticoagulants
Rodenticides – Bromethalin
Rodenticides – Cholecalciferol
Strychnine
Tremorigenic Mycotoxin
Xylitol – Canine
Zinc

section 19 trauma / environmental
emergencies
Burns and Degloving Wounds
Electrocution
Envenomation – Snakebite – Coral Snake
Envenomation – Snakebite – Pit Vipers
Envenomation – Spider Bites – Recluse
Envenomation – Spider Bites – Tarantula
Envenomation – Spider Bites – Widows (Latrodectus spp.)
Gun Shot Injuries
Head Trauma
Heatstroke
Hernia – Diaphragmatic
Hernia – Perineal
Hypothermia
Open Fractures
Uroabdomen

©2006-07 Teton NewMedia, Inc.

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