A Guide to Poisonous House and Garden Plants

Preface xxi

Tables
Plants Grouped According to their Primary Toxins xxvii

Plants Listed by their Primary Clinical Effects xxxv

Poisonous Fruits and Seeds of Common Garden Plants xlvii

Abrus precatorius
Rosary Pea 1

Acalypha hispida
Chenille plant 3

Acer rubrum
Red maple 4

Achillea miliforme
Yarrow 6

Acokanthera species
Bushman’s poison 7

Aconitum species
Monks hood 9

Actaea species
Bane Berry 11

Adenium species
Desert rose, mock azalea 12

Adonis species
Pheasant’s eye 13

Aesculus species
Horse Chestnut 15

Agapanthus orientalis
African blue lily 17

Agave species
Century plant 18

Aglaonema species
Chinese evergreen 19

Albizia julibrissin
Mimosa tree 20

Aleurites species
Tongue nut 22

Allamanda cathartica
Allamanda 23

Allium species
Onion 24

Alocasia species
Elephant’s ear 27

Aloe species
Aloe 28

Amaryllis belladonna
Belladona lily 31

Anemone species
Anemone 32

Anthurium species
Flamingo flower 33

Arisaema species
Jack in the pulpit 34

Armoracia rusticana
Horse radish 36

Arum species
Calla lily 37

Asclepias species
Butterfly weed, milk weed 38

Asparagus sprengeri
Asparagus 41

Atropa belladonna
Deadly nightshade 42

Aucuba japonica
Aucuba, Japanese laurel 43

Baptisia species
Blue false indigo 44
Begonia species
Begonia 45

Blighia sapida
Ackee 47

Bowiea volubilis
Climbing onion, Zulu potato 48

Brugmansia species
Angels trumpet 49

Brunfelsia pauciflora
Yesterday, today and tomorrow 51

Buxus species
Box, boxwood 53

Caesalpinia species
Bird of paradise 54

Caladium species
Caladium 55

Calla pallustris
White arum 56

Calotropis species
Crown flower, Giant milkweed 57

Caltha species
Marsh Marigold 59

Calycanthus species
Carolina allspice 60

Cannabis sativa
Marijuana 61

Capsicum species
Chili pepper 63

Caryota species
Fishtail palm 66

Cassia species
Golden shower 67

Celastrus scandens
American bittersweet 68
Cestrum species
Jessamine 69

Chelidonium majus
Celandine 72

Cicuta species
Water hemlock 74

Clematis species
Clematis 76

Clivia species
Kaffir lily 77

Colchicum species
Autumn crocus 78

Colocasia species
Elephant’s ear 80

Conium maculatum
Poison hemlock 82

Convallaria majalis
Lily of the valley 83

Coriaria species
Coriaria 85

Corydalis species
Corydalis, fitweed 86

Corynocarpus laevigatus
Corynocarpus 88

Crassula species
Silver jade plant 89

Crinum species
Spider lily 90

Cryptostegia species
Rubber vine 92

Cycas revoluta
Cycad 93

Cyclamen species
Cyclamen 95
Daphne species
Daphne 96

Datura species
Jimsonweed 98

Delphinium species
Larkspur 100

Dicentra species
Bleeding heart 102

Dieffenbachia species
Dumb cane 103

Digitalis species
Foxglove 106

Dracaena species
Corn plant 108

Epipremnum aureum
Pothos 109

Eriobotrya japonica
Loquat 111

Erythrina species
Coral tree 112

Eucharis amazonica
Amazon lily 114

Euonymus species
Strawberry bush 115

Eupatorium rugosum
White snakeroot 117

Euphorbia species
Euphorbia 119

Ficus species
Ficus, fig 122

Galanthus nivalis
Snowdrop 123

Gelsemium sempervirens
Carolina jessamine 125
Gloriosa superba
Glory lily 126

Gymnocladus dioica
Kentucky coffee tree 127

Haemanthus multiflorus
Blood lily 129

Hedera species
Ivy 130

Heliotropium species
Heliotrope 131

Helleborus niger
Christmas rose 133

Hemerocallis species
Day lily 134

Hibiscus species
Hibiscus 136

Hippeastrum spp.
Amaryllis lily 137

Hosta species
Hosta 139

Hoya species
Hoya 140

Humulus lupulus
Hops 141

Hyacinthoides non-scripta
English bluebell 142

Hyacinthus orientalis
Hyacinth 143

Hydrangea macrophylla
Hydrangea 145

Hymenocallis species
Spider lily 146

Hyoscyamus niger
Black henbane 148
Ilex species
Holly 149

Ipomoea tricolor
Morning glory 151

Iris species
Iris 153

Jatropha species
Barbados nut 154

Juglans nigra
Black walnut 156

Kalanchoe species
Kalanchoe 159

Kalmia species
Laurel 161

Laburnum anagyroides
Golden chain tree 163

Lantana camara
Lantana 165

Lathyrus species
Sweet pea 168

Leucothoe species
Fetter bush 170

Ligularia species
Ligularia 172

Ligustrum species
Privet 173

Lilium species
Lily 174

Lobelia species
Cardinal flower 176

Lonicera japonica
Honeysuckle 178

Lyonia species
Male berry 179
Macadamia species
Macadamia nut 181

Melaleuca species
Melaleuca 182

Melia azedarach
Chinaberry 184

Mimosa pudica
Sensitive plant 186

Mirabilis species
Four o’clock 187

Momordica species
Balsam pear 188

Monstera deliciosa
Ceriman, bread fruit 189

Nandina domestica
Heavenly bamboo 191

Narcissus species
Narcissus, daffodil 192

Nepeta cataria
Catnip 194

Nerine species
Guernsey lily 195

Nerium species
Oleander 197

Nicotiana species
Tobacco 200

Ornithogallum species
Star of Bethlehem 202

Oxalis species
Sorrel 203

Papaver somniferum
Opium poppy 205

Parthenocissus quinquefolia
Virginia creeper 207

Pedilanthus tithymaloides
Slipper flower 208

Persea americana
Avocado 209

Philodendron species
Philodendron 211

Phoradendron species
Mistletoe 213

Physalis species
Chinese lantern plant 214

Phytolacca americana
Pokeweed 215

Pieris species
Pieris 217

Pistia stratiotes
Water lettuce 219

Pittosporum species
Pittosporum 220

Plumbago species
Plumbago 221

Plumeria rubra
Frangipani 222

Podocarpus macrophylla
Buddhist pine 223

Podophyllum peltatum
May Apple 224

Portulaca species
Portulacca 226

Prunus species
Cherry 227

Pyracantha species
Pyracantha, fire thorn 230

Quercus species
Oak 231
Ranunculus species
Buttercups 232

Rhamnus species
Buck thorn 234

Rhododendron species
Rhododendron, azaleas 235

Ricinus communis
Castor bean 237

Robinia species
Black Locust 240

Sambucus species
Elderberries 241

Sanguinaria canadensis
Blood root 243

Sapindus species
Soapberry 244

Saponaria species
Soapwort 245

Schefflera species
Australian umbrella tree 246

Schinus species
Pepper tree 247

Scilla species
Scilla, squill 249

Senecio species
Senecio, cineraria 250

Sesbania species
Coffee bean 252

Solandra species
Chalice vine 254

Solanum pseudocapsicum
Jerusalem cherry 255

Solenostemon species
Coleus 257
Sophora species
Mescal 258

Spathiphyllum species
Peace lily 260

Sprekelia formosissima
Maltese cross lily 261

Symphoricarpos species
Snowberry 262

Symphytum officinale
Russian comfrey 263

Syngonium podophyllum
Arrowhead vine 265

Taxus species
Yew 266

Thalictrum fendlerii
Meadow rue 269

Theobroma cocoa
Cocoa 270

Thevetia peruviana
Yellow oleander 272

Toxicodendron species
Poison ivy 274

Tulipa species
Tulips 277

Vinca species
Periwinkle 279

Vitis species
Grape 280

Wisteria species
Wisteria 282

Xanthosoma species
Taannia, malanga 283

Yucca species
Yucca 285
Zamia species
Coontie 286

Zantedeschia species
Arum lily 288

Zephyranthes species
Rain lily 290

Index 292

©2005 Teton NewMedia, Inc

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