Emergency Pathophysiology
Table of Contents

Section I
General Principles
1: CELL PHYSIOLOGY 3
2: BODY FLUIDS AND FLUID THERAPY 11
3: OXYGEN TRANSPORT 21
4: THE AUTONOMIC NERVOUS SYSTEM 29
5: PHARMACOKINETICS 37

Section II
Respiratory Pathophysiology
6: PULMONARY PHYSIOLOGY AND
PHARMACOLOGY 45
7: ASTHMA 59
8: CHRONIC OBSTRUCTIVE PULMONARY DISEASE 71
9: PULMONARY EMBOLISM 79

Section III
Cardiovascular Pathophysiology
10: BASIC CARDIAC PHYSIOLOGY 89
11: CARDIAC DYSRHYTHMIAS 101
12: ACUTE CORONARY SYNDROMES I:
PATHOPHYSIOLOGY OF CORONARY ARTERY
DISEASE 113
13: ACUTE CORONARY SYNDROMES II: ANGINA 119
14: ACUTE CORONARY SYNDROMES III:
ACUTE MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION 129
15: HEART FAILURE 149
16: HYPERTENSIVE EMERGENCIES AND
URGENCIES 169

Section IV
Shock
17: HYPOVOLEMIC SHOCK 185
18: ANAPHYLACTIC SHOCK 197
19: SEPTIC SHOCK 205

Section V
Endocrine Disorders
20: DIABETIC EMERGENCIES 219
21: ADRENAL AND THYROID EMERGENCIES 233
Section VI
Gastrointestinal Emergencies
22: THE ACUTE ABDOMEN 249
23: GASTROINTESTINAL BLEEDING 261

Section VII
Infectious Diseases
24: PNEUMONIA 271
25: INFECTIOUS DISEASE EMERGENCIES 283
Section VIII
Neurological Disorders
26: ACUTE CEREBRAL INFARCTION 303
27: STATUS EPILEPTICUS 319
28: NEUROLOGICAL TRAUMA 329

Section IX
Environmental Emergencies
29: HYPOTHERMIA 351
30: HEAT STROKE AND HEAT EXHAUSTION 361

Appendices
I: PHARMACOLOGY OF RAPID SEQUENCE
INTUBATION 373
II: ESSENTIALS OF 12-LEAD
ELECTROCARDIOGRAPH INTERPRETATION 383
III: ESSENTIALS OF ACID-BASE INTERPRETATION 391

Index 397


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